​Frequently Asked Questions

Are there any alternative locations?

The Project location was selected based on a number of factors including but not limited to:
•    Proximity to the New Brunswick Power transmission grid and available capacity on the electrical circuit
•    Indicative wind speeds within the region based on atmospheric model data
•    Mapped environmental features procured from Geo New Brunswick’s GIS data repository
•    Available land for wind energy development
•    Existing roads to serve as Project access roads
•    Potential archeological areas
•    Potential important bird and bat habitat
•    Sensitive habitat area
In general, the Project was designed to use existing access roads and disturbed land (clear-cuts, gravel pits, etc.) as much as possible to minimize the need for additional clearing and road construction. Other potential locations were considered for this Project; however, the proposed site represented an optimal balance between project economics and potential impacts on the environment, thus resulting in a net benefit from the commissioning of the Project. Throughout the Project site, additional turbine locations were considered throughout the development process. Six turbine locations have been studied, but only five will be included in the Project based on mapped and site-verified environmental features.

Can the EIA documents be translated?

After requests through publuc consultation the EIA Registration Document has been translated from English to French to allow full comprehension in the community.


Can the noise from wind turbines affect my health?

The Noise Impact Assessment indicates that noise levels are below the recommended noise criteria (53 dBA) in the surrounding Project area. Peer-reviewed studies have shown that there is no connection between noise levels from a wind turbine and adverse health effects. Results found in the 2014 Government of Canada Wind Turbine and Health Study state “Findings suggest that health and well-being effects may be partially related to activities that influence community annoyance, over and above exposure to wind turbines.” (Chief Medical Officer of Health 2010).


Can the shadow flicker map be explained?

The shadow flicker map shows the estimated hours of shadow flicker for residences per year; the contour line shows the shadow flicker intensity. For example, receptors shown on the map between the green and blue contour lines could potentially receive between 5-10 hours of shadow flicker/year. We have record of all receptors that were identified as part of this assessment. Click to view Shadow Flicker Assessment.



Can windmills cause adverse mental health effects such as anxiety?

The Australian Medical Associations (AMA) stance on self-reported anxiety stemming from wind farms is likely due to the negative perceptions and community division. They recommend if you believe you may suffer heightened anxiety due to these factors you should seek medical advice. (Australian Medical Association, 2014)


Do the wind turbine locations follow the recommended residential setbacks?

​Yes, the proposed Wind Energy Converters (WECs) are in compliance with the recommended residential setbacks of a minimum of 500m.


Does the Wildlife Report examine Species at Risk?

The Wildlife Report specifically references Species at Risk in the area, because the project is already sited on disturbed lands (i.e. clearcuts, gravel pits, etc.) the report does not recommend any additional mitigation measures.


Has the proponent reached an agreement with NB Power?

A Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) has been signed with NB Power.


How can I make my thoughts and concerns heard?

The public can submit comments or questions on the Chaluer Ventus website (chaleurventus.ca). These questions will be answered on our FAQ page as part of Naveco Power's commitment to public consultation.


How much time does the public have to comment on the project?

The minimum requirements for submitting comments are the greater of 25 business days (or more if appropriate) from the open house date (February 2, 2020). The public is always encouraged to comment on the project, as for the timeline for having comments included in the Public Engagement portion of the EIA, that has passed.


How will the roads be cleared, and will pesticides be used?

There will not be clearing by pesticides, clearing will be done by mechanical systems as stated below in the Clear Cutting FAQ.


How will the turbines impact the scenery?

The wind turbines are setback approximately 1.3 km from the waterfront. A Visual Impact Assessment (Appendix F) was conducted, providing maps and a photo montage of the expected visual impact in the area.


How will this project be decommissioned at the end of the project life?

The anticipated life of the Project is estimated to be 30 years. The decommissioning process will involve removing the WEC, including the tower, generator, auxiliary equipment, above ground cables/poles, fixtures, and otherwise restoring the premises to its original condition. If it is agreed upon with the Department of Environment and Local Government, access roads and underground cables may be left in place. Foundations shall be removed to original soil depth or 1.2 m below grade, whichever is the lesser. Within 12 months of initiating the decommissioning process, the Project owner will have removed the relevant components from the leased land.


How will this project effect the natural beauty in the area?

Limiting the visual impact as much as possible was emphasized during Project design. The Project will be sited on disturbed areas and use existing roads as much as possible and has been sited to avoid environmentally sensitive areas. The Visual Impact Assessment can be found on the Chaleur Ventus website and the EIA Branch “Projects Under Review” page.  The wind turbines are equipped with additional features such as aviation sensor lights. This additional feature limits light exposure, as blinking red lights are only triggered when planes or other aviation are approaching.

I am concerned about clear cutting and deforestation during the construction of this project. How will clearing be done during this project?

Clearing includes the removal of all trees, brush, stumps, or other obstacles lying within the construction area that may potentially impair construction activities, vehicle movement, and/or threaten the safety of construction personnel. The resulting material will be salvaged and stored in piles or windrows. No material will be pushed into or against standing live trees adjacent to construction areas. Likewise, no material will be placed or stored in any wetland or watercourse. Where safe to do so, low shrub stands and small or regenerating trees will not be cleared. Rather, heavy equipment and trucks will simply drive over or “walk down” this woody growth to limit disturbance to the roots, sod layer, and associated grass/forb cover. Any trees that are cleared will be removed following standard forestry practices using equipment such as fellers. Bulldozers and excavators will be used for grubbing and to clear smaller vegetation. Pesticides or herbicides will not be used to clear vegetation. Disturbed areas not required for Project operation will be revegetated with an approved weed free mix as soon as practical following construction.


I am concerned about the turbine falling on my property.

Turbine failure is extremely unlikely and uncommon; Canadian Wind Energy Association (CanWEA) says 2 of 6,400+ (<0.1%) wind turbines have failed as of Jan 19, 2018. All safety and structural regulations and guidelines will be taken during construction and commissioning to ensure turbines are in working order.


Is ice throw likely to occur?

Ice throw can occur when ice freezes on the turbine blades and is thrown while the blade is in motion. This type of ice throw is not expected to occur because the blades are equipped with de-icing technology and will automatically turn off when ice build-up is detected.  When ice build-up is detected and the turbine has been stopped, the de-icing system activates. The de-icing system is operated by hot air circulation; the fan heater installed at the root of the rotor blade circulates hot air to the blade tip until the ice build-up melts off. Once thawing is complete on each blade, the turbine is automatically restarted. In events of extremely high winds, ice that falls from a stationary turbine during the de-icing process could be blown some distance from the tower. In general, ice is unlikely to land father from the turbine than its maximum vertical extent (179 m).


Is there a plan to have a public consultation/open house in Anse-Bleue?

Naveco Power has hosted two open houses within the past 6 months. The open houses were hosted on October 24th, 2019 and February 2nd, 2020. There are currently no plans to host further open houses.


Is there a possibility of groundwater contamination from this project?

Groundwater contamination can occur during the construction stage, like any worksite, if there are spills or leaks of hazardous material. All necessary steps will be taken to prevent spills and ensure groundwater contamination does not happen. That being said, the project is not likely to pose any threat to groundwater contamination after the project begins.


The proponents have an interest in this Project moving forward, how can they inform the community without bias?

To remain unbiased the EIA Registration Document and appendices have been compiled by third-party consultants (WSP). The EIA process intends to inform the public about the potential environmental impacts of the Project and mitigation measures to reduce or eliminate these impacts. The Proponent is committed to ensuring transparency with the community and stakeholders throughout all phases of the Project. The Community Liaison Committee (CLC) acts as an advisory body to a project proponent by providing input on existing or potential concerns the community may have with respect to the Project. This committee is currently being developed to ensure that residents can voice their concerns and recommendations, that politicians are informed and kept up-to-date with progress, and to ensure successful engagement and execution of the Project.


The proximity of the windmills to Anse-Bleue/my residence is a concern.

The proponent has taken steps to ensure the windmills are responsibly built to limit visual exposure, noise, environmental impacts, shadow flicker, and electromagnetic interference.


This project is designed to limit impact on environment, what about the impact on village life?

The Project will be sited on existing roads and disturbed areas (clear cuts, gravel pits, etc) as much as possible, thereby minimizing disturbance to undisturbed areas. Recommended setback distances from roads/highways, and recreational, institutional, and residential areas have been applied to WEC locations. These setback distances are meant to minimize effects on surrounding residents, including shadow flicker, noise, and visual impact. Naveco’s Complaint Resolution Plan is intended to record and address any negative impacts affecting the community members or the environment during the construction/operation phase of the Project.


What are the effects of shadow flicker?

Recommended shadow flicker is 30 hrs/yr or 30 mins/d maximum by the provincial government. The greatest amount of shadow flicker on a residence is expected to be 25 hrs/yr. If there are complaints of shadow flicker while the Project is in operation, complaints will be logged and investigated at the residence. CVLP will track concerns related to shadow flicker throughout the Project. If the amount of shadow flicker is a concern, wind turbine restriction for specific wind directions or times of day may be an effective mitigation technique. Mitigation such as screening of receptors with vegetation, awnings, and/or structures, and/or adding shutters to receptors will also be considered, as required.


What are the potential health effects caused by windmills in my neighbourhood?

There are no known health effects due to wind farms. Extensive research incorporating both scientific evidence and human experience to date has concluded that wind turbines are not harmful to human health. This has been proven through countless peer-reviewed articles such as the ones listed below:
•    Chief Medical Health Officer. (2010) The Potential Health Impacts of Wind Turbines. Ontario Chief Medical Officer of Health Report. Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion.  
•    Colby, D. (2008). The health impact of wind turbines: a review of the current white, grey, and published literature. Chatham Ontario, Canada.
•    Ellenbogen, J. M., Grace, S., Heiger-Bernays, W. J., Manwell, J. F., Mills, D. A., Sullivan, K. A., & Weisskopf, M. G. (2012). Wind turbine health impact study: report of independent expert panel. Prepared for Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection and Massachusetts Department of Public Health.
•    Leventhall, G. (2006). Infrasound from wind turbines-fact, fiction or deception. Canadian acoustics, 34(2), 29-36.
•    Health Canada. (2014). Wind turbine noise and health study: Summary of results. Ottawa, Health Canada, November.
•    https://canwea.ca/wind-facts/your-health/


What are the specifications of the turbine foundations?

Excavators will be used to excavate an area approximately 3 m deep by 20 m by 20 m (the precise size of excavation area to be determined by geotechnical analysis of the soil). The foundation, with an approximate footprint of 400 m2, will be constructed of poured concrete and reinforced with steel rebar to provide strength.

Link to Enercon E-126 EP3 Turbine:
https://www.enercon.de/en/products/ep-3/e-126-ep3/


What are the steps in an EIA?

The steps in an EIA are described in "A Guide to Environmental Impact Assessment in New Brunswick".


What is infrasound and how can it effect my health?

Infrasound is very low-frequency sound with a frequency between 1-20 Hz which human ears can’t normally hear. Low frequency sound and infrasound are found everywhere in the environment and typically can only be heard in high volumes. Infrasound can be emitted from natural sources (e.g. wind, rivers, ocean waves) and artificial sources such as road traffic, aircraft, and ventilation systems.
There is no evidence that infrasound can cause adverse health effects below a sound pressure level of 90 db. In this project the highest residential sound level is expected to be 36 db, so infrasound is not expected to be an issue. Under many conditions, low frequency sound below 40 Hz from wind turbines cannot be distinguished from environmental background noise from the wind itself (Chief Medical Officer of Health 2010).


What is the proponent’s responsibility to notify the public?

The proponent is responsible for following notification and involvement standards that must be addressed for all registered undertakings outlined in the Guide to Environment Impact Assessment.


Notification and involvement can involve communicating directly with elected officials, local service districts, community groups, environmental groups, First Nations, and other key stakeholder groups. Familiarizing and allowing stakeholders to ask questions and/or raise concerns about the Project is the objective. Organizing meetings/open houses, appearing at a community or groups regular meetings (e.g. council meeting), and sending a letter or information flyer are all ways in which stakeholders can be engaged. The proponent must also provide direct, written notification about the Project and location to potentially affected First Nations, area residents, and landowners.


Naveco Power has notified the public on multiple occasions about developments related to the public, proof of notification will be included in the Public Engagement portion of the EIA . Naveco Power mailed flyers to the citizens of Anse-Bleue notifying them of both open houses. Naveco Power also took out an ad in Acadie Nouvelle on January 16th, 2020 to notify the public about the open house on February 2nd, 2020.


What is the timeline of the project?

The proposed schedule for the Project is dependent on receiving all necessary approvals. It is expected that site preparation will begin in the third and fourth quarter of 2020. Once construction begins it will take approximately eight months to complete. Construction will be scheduled to occur during daytime hours. The Project is expected to be in operation by late 2021.


What will be the economic benefits to Anse-Bleue and the surrounding communities from this project?

Economic and community benefits from this project include:
- Provides steady income to property owners and farmers
- Increase revenue for service businesses (hotels, restaurants, etc.) during planning, construction, and operation
- Enhancement to tourism
- Strengthens local tax base
- Powering almost 9,000 homes in local area
- Job creation during construction and operational phase of the Project
- Contributes to sustainable development
- Supports the local economy


What will be the noise impact on the surrounding area?

The predicted noise level results from the Noise Impact Assessment are shown below. All noise receptors experienced noise levels below the noise criteria at the loudest condition (wind speed 11 m/s).




Where will the EIA Registration Document and Appendices be posted?

The EIA Registration and appendices are posted by the EIA Branch on its internet-based “Projects Under Review” page. The EIA Registration and appendices can also be found on the Chaleur Ventus website. ​French translated hard copies of the EIA Registration have been given to town councils in the Project area to be made available to the public.


Where will the wind turbines be located?

The proposed wind turbine locations are shown in the Figure. The turbines are listed from T1-T6; T4 as an alternate turbine location. The proposed turbines are located in Anse-Bleue, New Brunswick and are surrounded by Route 320, Downing Chemin, Route 303, and Route 11.



Who are the Proponents and who owns how much?

​The City of Bathurst has withdrawn as a limited partner in this project. Naveco is presently working to replace the City’s ownership stake in CVLP by having it replaced with a local cooperative. This cooperative was created in NB, and will be entirely owned by residents of the Province of New Brunswick. With 51% of the units being held by the cooperative, CVLP remains in compliance with the LORESS regulation. Windforce Investment Inc. (Windforce) will have a 49% interest. Teksuk Management Inc. (Teksuk), in its capacity as general partner of CVLP, will be responsible for supporting the development, construction, and operation of the Project as well as continuing to be involved in all First Nations engagement and stakeholder consultations


Who completes these studies?

Although not required by NB EIA Guidelines, the proponent took the extra steps in ensuring impartiality by having all studies completed by third-party consultants. WSP drafted the EIA Registration Document and the studies in the appendices. Stratis was contracted by WSP to complete Appendix L Archaeological Resource Assessment. The Registration Document and studies must undergo a Determination Review coordinated by the EIA Branch, completed with assistance from the Technical Review Committee (TRC). This Determination Review is currently underway.


Who is responsible for decommissioning of the project?

The Proponent will be responsible for decommissioning at the end of the Projects life.


Who represents the public in this project?

Public interests are represented by the EIA Branch of the Department of Environment and Local Government. The EIA process intends to provide transparency about the environmental impacts of the Project to allow the public to address any concerns or questions they may have.


What are the applicable Laws and Regulations the proponent must follow during this project?

​The applicable laws and regulations that this Project will abide by are listed below in this table:



Why are the turbines so tall?

Turbine height has increased over the last ten years due to technological advances in the industry. Taller turbines can harness the increased wind speeds that naturally occur at greater heights. Larger turbines can also capture wind energy more efficiently. The Project is expected to consist of five Enercon E-126 EP3 turbines with a nominal power of 4 megawatts each.


Why is this project in Anse-Bleue? If Bathurst is a Proponent, why is the project not in Bathurst? 

*Bathurst is no longer a proponent in the project.*

The Project location was selected based on a number of factors. The most significant factor leading to this location was the fact that many landowners had already signed up their land for a past project (100MW), which was not able to move forward at the time. NB Power took this project and divided it into smaller projects to fulfill the energy demand, creating the Locally Owned Renewable Energy Projects that are Small Scale (LORESS) Program. The Program allowed NB Power to obtain up to 40MW of renewable energy from First Nations and an additional 40MW of renewable energy from local entities as defined in the Regulation. Projects were awarded to Proponents through a competitive bid process.

The Project location was also selected based on the following factors:
•    Proximity to the New Brunswick Power transmission grid and available capacity on the electrical circuit
•    Indicative wind speeds within the region based on atmospheric model data
•    Mapped environmental features procured from Geo New Brunswick’s GIS data repository
•    Available land for wind energy development
•    Existing roads to serve as Project access roads
•    Potential archeological areas
•    Potential important bird and bat habitat
•    Sensitive habitat area


Why isn’t this project in a more remote area?

Due to the optimal wind conditions and having the ability to site the Project on existing roads and disturbed areas as much as possible, the project at this location can reach energy targets while minimizing the need to disturb new areas.


Why wasn’t there more dialogue with the community during the development of the project?

In an effort to consult with all stakeholders Naveco Power's Community Liaison Committee has received letters of support from surrounding Local Service Districts, which can be found in Appendix 1 of Appendix M-Public Consultation Report. Naveco Power has had two community consultations (May 30th, 2017 and October 24th, 2019) to develop the project with local interests. Between 2017 and 2019 all studies necessary for the environmental impact assessment were being completed, as they require multiple years of data. Discussions with local landowners implied they were interested in having the wind farm in the area and surveys completed during the early stages showed interest in the project. Any further comments or concerns can still be submitted by going to the Chaleur Ventus webpage.


Will these wind turbines decrease my property value?

A comprehensive study in the Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics by Vyn & McCullogh (2014) estimates the impact of wind turbines on property values. This study analyzed 5,414 rural residential sales and 1,590 farmland sales in Ontario which showed that wind turbines have not significantly impacted nearby property values.
Other studies show that possible impacts are still outweighed by the positive externalities from CO2 mitigation.


Worried about the sunset being ruined.

The turbines are setback approximately 1.3 km from the coastline. Therefore, the turbines will not obstruct the coastal view, or the coastal sunset view in Anse-Bleue.


Can you elaborate on the details of the Cooperative now that the City of Bathurst is no longer a partner in the project?

​More information about the cooperative will come at a later date.


I believe our tourism, fauna, flora, water, safety and quality of life are all at great risk due to our village not being able to sustain a large project like this.

​Environmental studies were completed by WSP, third-party consultants, and did not indicate significant risk to the environment or the public. The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process is designed to identify environmental impacts associated with development proposals well before the Project is implemented, so that such impacts can be avoided or reduced to acceptable levels before they occur. Technical specialists from government agencies, First Nations, local residents, and the general public all have the opportunity to provide their input on the Project before the determination review is completed. The Project will be permitted to proceed if environmental impacts are avoided or reduced to acceptable levels.


Why is Naveco Power asking to reduce the setbacks from the New Brunswick Environmental Assessment Guidelines?

​The Project is in compliance with the recommended setbacks presented in “A Guide to Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in New Brunswick”. The EIA Registration document suggested a reduction for certain setbacks, although not necessary, which may have caused confusion. All required setback distances are being confirmed with the Technical Review Committee responsible for reviewing the information provided in the EIA study.


What rate do you plan to sell the electricity produced by the Wind Farm to NB Power?

​​The rate was competitively procured based on the greatest avoided cost (lowest cost vs. their other options). Prices established in the Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) with NB Power are confidential.


Do you have a date to deliver electricity to NB Power?

A Commercial Operation Date (COD) was established in the Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) with NB Power, however, due to delays the COD will be pushed to a later date.


How much money is planned for the dismantling of wind turbines, who will manage this money and how will it be protected?

​The amount of money required for the dismantling of the wind turbines is of a commercially sensitive nature. The decommissioning aspect of the Project is incorporated into the Project budget, as decommissioning is a requirement at the end of the Project’s life.


What are the exact links between Naveco and Chaleur Ventus and Daniel Brassard?

​Naveco Power secured a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) under NB Power’s Locally Owned Renewable Energy Projects that are Small-Scale program (LORESS). Naveco is the developer for the Chaleur Ventus Project and Daniel Brassard is the Community Liaison Consultant


Is it likely that there will be a phase 2?

No there will not be a phase two. The Chaleur Ventus Project will consist of five Wind Energy Converters (WECs) that will be constructed in one phase.





The Project

© 2019, Chaleur Ventus. All Rights Reserved

contact us

320 Queen Street #100, Fredericton, NB, E3B 1B2


Email: info@chaleurventus.ca

contact us

320 Queen Street #100, Fredericton, NB,

E3B 1B2

Email: info@chaleurventus.ca

© 2019, Chaleur Ventus. All Rights Reserved

contact us

320 Queen Street #100, Fredericton, NB, 

E3B 1B2

Email: info@chaleurventus.ca

© 2019, Chaleur Ventus. All Rights Reserved

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